The aim of this step is to understand how transport networks are integrated with land use and public space within the study area, and how they serve users’ needs.
This should inform a better understanding of the movement implications of achieving the place-based vision and objectives identified in Step 1 – so that transport infrastructure and services support the vision. This understanding informs the subsequent discussions, decision-making, and evaluation of options.
- Plans, strategies, precedents, and analyses of existing, planned, and desired movement.
- Map of existing transport networks
- Planned intent for transport networks
- Optional: map of movement function.
3.1 Compare and contextualise
- Compare the movement to similar contexts and assess the similarities and differences. Using precedents:
- Compare study areas – what is a similar-scaled study area, and what are the transport networks that support it? What is its mode share? Coverage?
- Compare interventions – what is considered best practice for movement in a place of this kind (scale, purpose, etc.), and for integration of this kind of transport network within places? What can be learned from these examples? What is missing in the study area?
- Understand the strategic picture
- Understand how the vision for movement fits within the local, State and national plans for the place. Is the movement to and from, through, and within the place aligned to these plans (proportion, mode, location)? If not, why not?
- Understand whether the built environment is safe by design, for example by:
- undertaking a risk assessment of key roads and streets
- understanding the crime rate and its causes, especially in night-time economy areas
- identifying any known safety issues, both formal (e.g. work health and safety issues), or in relation to best practice (such as crime prevention through environmental design [CPTED]).
- As an optional exercise, identify the existing, planned, and desired future movement function for each road and street (see Classifying street environments) to inform the issues and opportunities workshop (Step 4).
3.2 Map transport networks
- Local and State government plans and projections for future transport networks and services. Other inputs may also be appropriate, e.g. consultation with relevant network or area managers, including interviews or surveys as appropriate.
- Maps of the transport networks within the study area, showing the current state and the planned intent. Networks should show catchments and nodes where applicable.
- Gather data on the following transport networks and their interaction with the wider road and street network. These have been grouped according to user commonalities. This list is not exhaustive; you may need to capture other emerging forms of transport based on their users’ behaviour. Networks include multiple modes as follows:
- Map the five transport networks in their current state and annotate the map with key
- Map the five transport networks in their current state and annotate the map with key features such as service patterns, patronage, number of people walking by time of day.
- Map the planned intent for each network, according to local and State government strategies and plans (such as city shaping corridors etc.).
3.3 Map and document issues and opportunities
- Map the issues and opportunities to inform the case for change. In its most basic form, this may be a map of the areas most suitable to change, enhance, and maintain. Opportunities might be identified by referring to the evaluation criteria identified in Step 1. This will be used as a base map in Step 4.
- Document the issues and opportunities, as a supplement to the map. This is to help interpret the map (expanding on the issues and opportunities mapped in short form) and capture any non-spatial issues and opportunities.
- As an optional exercise, to help identify and understand the issues and opportunities, identify the hierarchy of streets and roads making up that network within the study area, and classify the ‘existing state’ movement significance (see Classifying street environments). This would form its own map, separate to A and B.
Mapping movement, including the existing and known or likely future infrastructure and services, stops, and interchanges (i.e. the ‘planned intent’) can also split out how people and goods interact with the place.
Mapping can use separate overlays to enable comparison of the current state with future scenarios, aspirations, and opportunities.