About main roads
These roads and routes are central to the efficient movement of people and goods. They include motorways, primary freight corridors, major public transport routes, the principal bicycle network and high‑intensity routes for people to walk and cycle. Their place activity levels are less intense although these roads and routes can still hold significant meaning for people.
The design of main road corridors needs to:
- Emphasise their strategic movement functions – people will be attracted to use these routes if the corridor design supports their desired movement. Similarly, where main roads intersect with environments of higher place intensity, main roads can support these places by restricting access to undesirable transport modes.
- Limit severance and negative impacts to place qualities – many negative impacts can be avoided by integrating land-use planning with transport planning. In any case, the design of main roads can create positive interfaces with the surrounding built or natural environment, and can draw upon the surrounding landscape character. Main road design can also successfully accommodate people of different modes using the corridor, including those needing to cross it.
Main roads are defined by their higher movement functions and lower place intensities. They are shown here as a primary arterial (top right) and a town bypass (a rural highway, bottom left). Other corridors with higher place intensities or lower movement functions should be identified as main streets or local streets, even if they are named as ‘roads’ or classified as State roads.
Main road types